Deprogramming: A Case Study Part II: Conversation Analysis

Steve K. Dubrow-Eichel, Ph.D. RETIRN Philadelphia Abstract This article continues the examination of a successful deprogramming of an International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) devotee (cultist) described in Cultic Studies Journal Special Issue Vol. 6, No. 2. The deprogramming was observed and audiotaped. A sample consisting of 1,938 speech fragments (3.8% of all “thoughts’) drawn ...

Deprogramming: A Case Study Part 1: Personal observations of the Group Process

Steve K. Dubrow-Eichel, Ph.D. This special issue of the Cultic Studies Journal is, to our knowledge, the only professional, detailed analysis of deprogramming, a central source of controversy in cultic studies.  The observer of the deprogramming, Dr. Steve Dubrow-Eichel, completed this study as part of his doctoral program at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Dubrow-Eichel’s ...

Cult Formation

Cult Formation Robert J. Lifton, M.D. John Jay College Abstract Cults represent one aspect of a worldwide epidemic of ideological totalism, or fundamentalism.  They tend to be associated with a charismatic leader, thought reform, and exploitation of members.  Among the methods of thought reform commonly used by cults are milieu control, mystical manipulation, the demand ...

Post-Cult Problems: An Exit Counselor’s Perspective

Classification of Ex-Members There are several classifications of ex-members, based on how they left the cult. Former members usually fit into one of the following: 1. Those who had interventions. 2. Those who left on their own, or walkaways 3. Those who were expelled, or castaways Walkaways and castaways need the most help in understanding ...

Deprogramming, Exit Counseling, and Ethics: Clarifying the Confusion

Langone, Michael D., Ph.D., and Martin, Paul, Ph.D., “Deprogramming, Exit Counseling, and Ethics: Clarifying the Confusion,” Christian Research Journal, Winter 1993 (Reprinted with permission.) In the late 1960s and early 1970s increasing numbers of parents began to observe and report striking and frightening changes in their young-adult children.  Formerly serious, high-achieving, well-adjusted students would suddenly drop out of ...

Cults: Questions and Answers

Michael D. Langone, Ph.D. Q. What is a Cult?    The term cult is applied to a wide range of groups.  There are historical cults, such as the cult of Isis, non-western cults studied by anthropologists, such as the Melanesian cargo cults, and a host of contemporary cults that have caught the publics’ attention during the ...

Rethinking the Classic ‘Obedience’ Studies

Pacific Standard Tom Jacobs Stanley Milgram’s 1961 obedience experiments and the 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment are legendary. But new research adds new wrinkles to our understanding of allegiance and evil. November 25, 2012 They are among the most famous of all psychological studies, and together they paint a dark portrait of human nature. Widely disseminated ...